According to him, action is first, character is second. By contrast, tragedy can be more focused and takes advantage of the devices of music and spectacle. Moreover, the plot requires a single central theme in which all the elements are logically related to demonstrate the change in the protagonist's fortunes, with emphasis on the dramatic causation and probability of the events.
He determines that tragedy, like all poetry, is a kind of imitation mimesisbut adds that it has a serious purpose and uses direct action rather than narrative to achieve its ends.
The hero must have good qualities appropriate to his or her station and should be portrayed realistically and consistently. Pleasure as the objective of tragedy peteiaboth of which should arise from the should not be taken lightly either. The reality of presentation is felt in the play as read, as well as in the play as acted.
It is true that the hero frequently takes a step that initiates the events of the tragedy and, owing to his own ignorance or poor judgment, acts in such a way as to bring about his own downfall. Humans are naturally drawn to imitation, and so poetry has a strong pull on us.
Even though that "beauty" may save the play it is "not a nice thing". Poetics Summary Aristotle proposes to study poetry by analyzing its constitutive parts and then drawing general conclusions. Aristotle identifies tragedy as the most refined version of poetry dealing with lofty matters and comedy as the most refined version of poetry dealing with base matters.
He ignores the entire genre of lyric poetry classical theory of drama.
This kind of unity allows tragedy to express universal themes powerfully, which makes it superior to history, which can only talk about particular events. Nonetheless, the Poetics is the only critical study of Greek drama to have been made by a near-contemporary. Aristotle mentions two features of the plot, both of which are related to the concept of harmartia, as crucial components of any well-made tragedy.
Definition and analysis into qualitative parts. Aristotle has relatively less to say about the tragic hero because the incidents of tragedy are often beyond the hero's control or not closely related to his personality. Aristotle differentiates between tragedy and comedy throughout the work by distinguishing between the nature of the human characters that populate either form.
He offers the earliest-surviving explanation for the origins of tragedy and comedy: A Plausible Sequence of Actions Because Aristotle considered plot the most important component of a tragedy, he had a lot to say about it.
And life consists of action, and its end is a mode of activity, not a quality. My goal here is to extract lessons we can take from the Poetics about how to write the highest quality tragic fiction. This approach is not completely suited to a literary study and is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions.
Aristotle says a plot is most effective when the actions are both unexpected and logical. Humans are naturally drawn to imitation, and so poetry has a strong pull on us.
It might happen though, and might make the play interesting. Character Creation Creating believable characters is the second most important element of writing a good tragedy, according to Aristotle. A well-formed plot must have a beginning, which is not a necessary consequence of any previous action; a middle, which follows logically from the beginning; and an end, which follows logically from the middle and from which no further action necessarily follows.
Aristotle defines tragedy according to seven characteristics: The hero's error or frailty harmartia is often misleadingly explained as his "tragic flaw," in the sense of that personal quality which inevitably causes his downfall or subjects him to retribution.
Where the epic poem makes use of language alone, the playing of the lyre involves rhythm and melody. The plot, then, is the first principle, and, as it were, the soul of a tragedy: The very identification of poetry as repre- The discussion of tragedy proper chs.
The remainder of the Poetics is given over to examination of the other elements of tragedy and to discussion of various techniques, devices, and stylistic principles. Actions should be follow logically from the situation created by what has happened before, and from the character of the agent.
Catharsis means cleansing of the heart from the harder passions by arousing the feelings of fear and pity through the sufferings and death of a tragic hero. Poetry is mimetic in that it creates a representation of objects and events in the world, unlike philosophy, for example, which presents ideas.
After defending poetry against charges that it deals with improbable or impossible events, Aristotle concludes by weighing tragedy against epic poetry and determining that tragedy is on the whole superior.
The the Poetics Aristotle supplies well-defined cri- plot which has a single focus and whose rever- teria for distinguishing between ethically sal is from good to bad fortune is the best worthy and unworthy plotsthen the pleas- one; the reversal should occur as a result of a ure in which it culminates would lead, as with major error HAMARTIA committed by a man other virtuous activities, to the attainment of who is like ourselves in that he is neither happiness eudaimonia; cf.
Narratives, stories, structures and poetics overlap.An Understanding of Essay Aristotles Outlining If the Ingredients Necessary of a Good Tragedy Story in His Poems. In his Poetics, Aristotle outlined the ingredients necessary for a good tragedy, and he based his fo.
words 4 pages. Social Sharing New. Facebook; Twitter. Aristotle defines poetry very broadly, including epic poetry, tragedy, comedy, dithyrambic poetry, and even some kinds of music.
According to Aristotle, tragedy came from the efforts of poets to present men as 'nobler,' or 'better' than they are in real life. Particularly significant is his statement that the plot is the most important element of tragedy: Tragedy is an imitation, not of men, but of action and life, of happiness and misery.
And life consists of action, and its end is a mode of activity, not a quality. Aristotle defines tragedy according to seven characteristics: (1) it is mimetic, (2) it is serious, (3) it tells a full story of an appropriate length, (4) it contains rhythm and harmony, (5) rhythm and harmony occur in different combinations in different parts of the tragedy, (6) it is performed rather than narrated, and (7) it arouses feelings of pity and fear and then purges these feelings through catharsis.
In his Poetics, Aristotle outlined the ingredients necessary for a good tragedy, and he based his formula on what he considered to be the perfect tragedy, Sophocles's Oedipus the King.
According to Aristotle, a tragedy must be an imitation of life in the form of a serious story that is comp. This is a popular form of Indian classical drama, meaning literally "story play," it is an intensive all night outdoor theatre event designated to evoke mystery and fear.
Kathakall The American Minstrel Show was performed with black actors putting on black face.Download